47 Keyboard Shortcuts That Work in All Web Browsers

Whether you’re using Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, Apple Safari, or Opera – these keyboard shortcuts will work in your browser.

Each browser also has some of its own, browser-specific shortcuts, but the ones they have in common will come handy as you switch between different browsers and computers.

Here are the shortcuts:


  • Ctrl+1-8 – Switch to the specified tab, counting from the left.
  • Ctrl+9 – Switch to the last tab.
  • Ctrl+Tab – Switch to the next tab – in other words, the tab on the right. (Ctrl+Page Up also works, but not in Internet Explorer.)
  • Ctrl+Shift+Tab – Switch to the previous tab – in other words, the tab on the left. (Ctrl+Page Down also works, but not in Internet Explorer.)
  • Ctrl+W, Ctrl+F4 – Close the current tab.
  • Ctrl+Shift+T – Reopen the last closed tab.
  • Ctrl+T – Open a new tab.
  • Ctrl+N – Open a new browser window.
  • Alt+F4 – Close the current window. (Works in all applications.)

Mouse Actions for Tabs

  • Middle Click a Tab – Close the tab.
  • Ctrl+Left Click, Middle Click – Open a link in a background tab.
  • Shift+Left Click – Open a link in a new browser window.
  • Ctrl+Shift+Left Click – Open a link in a foreground tab.


  • Alt+Left Arrow, Backspace – Back.
  • Alt+Right Arrow, Shift+Backspace – Forward.
  • F5 – Reload.
  • Ctrl+F5 – Reload and skip the cache, re-downloading the entire website.
  • Escape – Stop.
  • Alt+Home – Open homepage.


  • Ctrl and +, Ctrl+Mousewheel Up – Zoom in.
  • Ctrl and -, Ctrl+Mousewheel Down — Zoom out.
  • Ctrl+0 – Default zoom level.
  • F11 – Full-screen mode.


  • Space, Page Down – Scroll down a frame.
  • Shift+Space, Page Up – Scroll up a frame.
  • Home – Top of page.
  • End – Bottom of page.
  • Middle Click – Scroll with the mouse. (Windows only)

Address Bar

  • Ctrl+L, Alt+D, F6 – Focus the address bar so you can begin typing.
  • Ctrl+Enter – Prefix www. and append .com to the text in the address bar, and then load the website. For example, type howtogeek into the address bar and press Ctrl+Enter to open www.howtogeek.com.
  • Alt+Enter – Open the location in the address bar in a new tab.


  • Ctrl+K, Ctrl+E – Focus the browser’s built-in search box or focus the address bar if the browser doesn’t have a dedicated search box. (Ctrl+K doesn’t work in IE, Ctrl+E does.)
  •  Alt+Enter – Perform a search from the search box in a new tab.
  •  Ctrl+F, F3 – Open the in-page search box to search on the current page.
  •  Ctrl+G, F3 – Find the next match of the searched text on the page.
  •  Ctrl+Shift+G, Shift+F3 – Find the previous match of the searched text on the page.

History & Bookmarks

  • Ctrl+H – Open the browsing history.
  • Ctrl+J – Open the download history.
  • Ctrl+D – Bookmark the current website.
  • Ctrl+Shift+Del – Open the Clear Browsing History window.

Other Functions

  • Ctrl+P – Print the current page.
  • Ctrl+S – Save the current page to your computer.
  • Ctrl+O – Open a file from your computer.
  • Ctrl+U – Open the current page’s source code. (Not in IE.)
  • F12 – Open Developer Tools. (Requires Firebug extension for Firefox.)

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